a figure of speech in which a harsh fact is expressed in a gentle way, e.g. He passed away.
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a group of words that consists of a subject and predicate and is part of a complex or compound sentence. There are various types of clauses. See main clause, co-ordinate clause, subordinate clause (incl. noun clause, adjectival clause, adverbial clause) and relative clause (incl. defining clause and non-defining clause).