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a participle that ends in -ing, e.g. swimming, running. Present participles can be used in the following ways:
As a gerund (noun), e.g. I like swimming.
- Running is my favourite sport.
- As an adjective, e.g. The swimming team arrived. The running group assembled.
- With an auxiliary verb, to form a finite verb, e.g. He was swimming. I am running.
a sentence in which the main clause is in the middle of the sentence, e.g. Although it is late,...
a technical style of writing and speaking technical, with science as its topic, e.g. The cathode...
a style of writing and speaking that is conversational (everyday, relaxed, informal) and often...