- English First Additional Language
- English Home Language
false information given out regularly, normally by governments and '...designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable' (Orwell). Techniques of propaganda include false assertion (making something a fact when it is not a fact); fallacy (an argument based on the false assertion); rationalisation (the use of false logic to excuse or justify something bad); obfuscation (the blurring of unpleasant realities or the truth with many long and complicated words and phrases); euphemism (the use of a neutral or pleasant word to cloak a bad reality, e.g. calling it collateral damage when bombers kill civilians; and emotional arousal (the use of emotive words to stir up an audience).
lighting that comes from behind a subject, silhouetting the subject. This creates a sinister or...
a book about the life of a person, written not by that person but by someone else.
to bring together. In English, you may be asked to synthesise two pieces of writings, in...
words formed by linking two or more words by means of hyphens, e.g. mother-in-law.