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(also called a stem) the basic element of a word. Some roots form a word alone; others need a prefix or suffix to form a word. It is useful to know the original root of a word. E.g. the Latin root prima is the basis of primary and prime. If you know that prime means first/best, then you can work out that primary means most important.
the combination of word choice (diction), punctuation, sentence construction, paragraphing, type...
something that is true and can be proven.